Our grandfathers told us that on the island of Khortytsia there were many old-fashioned oak giants, and among them was one that was distinguished by its power. The Cossacks called it "Sacred Red Oak". Its trunk was about 6 meters around and it was more than 500 years old.
Ancient Greek historian Herodotus described in his writings the island of Khortytsia and the Dnieper rapids. According to Herodotus, the great Greek hero, Heracles, after the accomplishment of many his labours, came to the Black Sea steppe. One day, when Hercules was waiting out the bad weather, his horses disappeared somewhere. For a long time Hercules was looking for his horses, until he reached Khortytsia. Here, in the Serpent Cave, at the Upper Head cliff, he met Echidna.
There are many legends about "black stones" on the island of Khortytsia, which lies in the heart of the Cossack capital of Ukraine. Stone blocks of different sizes (the largest one is about 600 kg!), which are differ from other local breeds in saturated dark colour, were found in the northern part of the island.
Do you remember the well-known Repin’s picture "Letter from the Cossacks to the Sultan"? The plot of the picture was based on real historical events of 1676. The story of writing the letter is interesting itself. It was written by Ataman Ivan Sirko and his comrades in response to the ultimatum of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
There is a famous Silver Eagle from the “Treasure of Voznesenivka" in the Regional Museum of Local Lore in Zaporizhzhia. The treasure was found during the construction of the Dniproges and the industrial complex near the Voznesenivka village. It was located between the current territories of the plant “Zaporizhstal” and the Welding Flux and Glass Factory of Zaporizhzhia.